VSTS ( Visual Studio Team Services ) Interview Questions for Experienced/VSTS Interview Questions and Answers for Freshers & Experienced

What are the necessary components for the integration of Azure DevOps and Bitbucket?

The integration of Azure DevOps and Bitbuckets requires a self-hosted agent and an external Git service connection. Since GitLab CI/CD is compatible with GitHub and Bitbucket. Instead of moving an entire project to GitLab, it is possible to connect the external repository. One can make use of GitLab CI/CD in this manner.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:20:39

What can you do to improve the quality of code if there are many unused variables and empty catch blocks?

Selecting “Run PMD” in a Maven build task will do the trick. PMD is a source code analyzer that is capable of identifying common programming errors like unnecessary object creation, unused variables, and empty code blocks.

An Apache Maven PMD Plugin will automatically run the tool on a project’s source code and the detailed code error results are provided on the site report.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:18:36

Which feature can be used for the development of a multi-tier application using Azure App Service web apps as the front end and Azure SQL database as the back end?

The appropriate option, in this case, is Application Map in Azure Application Insights. This is because it helps in identifying the performance bottlenecks as well as the failure hotspots in different components of the multi-tier applications.

Application components and the related dependencies are represented by the nodes on the map. Furthermore, it is also capable of providing the status for health KPI and alerts.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:17:46

How can you enable communication between members of the development team working in different locations around the world using Azure DevOps?

For such an application, the isolation of members of different project teams into different communication channels is the first criterion. Additionally, maintaining communication history in the concerned channels is necessary. Effective integration with Azure DevOps is also important for the application and allows one to add external suppliers and contractors to projects. The Microsoft teams have addressed these requirements through their offering of the right capabilities.

Classifying teams allows the creation of different channels by users for the organization of communications according to the topic. Every channel can include a few to thousands of users.

Microsoft Teams provides a guest access feature that allows the invitation of external people to join internal channels for the purpose of meetings, file sharing, and messaging. It helps in B2B project management and can also directly integrate with Azure DevOps.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:16:56

What should you do to make a NuGet package available to anonymous users outside your organization alongside minimizing the number of publication points?

The answer is the introduction of a new feed for the package. Packages that are hosted in Azure Artifacts, find storage in a feed. Sharing packages with higher scalability and according to requirements can be ensured by setting up permissions on the feed. These multiple feeds enable control of access to packages across four levels. These four levels of access are:

* Owners
* Readers
* Contributors
* Collaborators

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:15:42

What are the commands that you can use to restart Jenkins manually?

Two ways to manually restart Jenkins:

1. (Jenkins_url)/restart // Forces a restart without waiting for builds to complete.
2. (Jenkins_url)/safeRestart // Allows all running builds to complete before it restarts.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:14:56

What are the ways in which a build can be scheduled/run in Jenkins?

* By source code management commits.
* After completion of other builds.
* Scheduled to run at a specified time.
* Manual build requests.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:12:59

How can you temporarily turn off Jenkins security if the administrative users have locked themselves out of the admin console?

* When security is enabled, the Config file contains an XML element named useSecurity that will be set to true.

* By changing this setting to false, security will be disabled the next time Jenkins is restarted.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:11:46

How is a custom build of a core plugin deployed?

Steps to deploy a custom build of a core plugin:

* Copy the .hpi file to $JENKINS_HOME/plugins

* Remove the plugin's development directory

* Create an empty file called <plugin>.hpi.pinned

* Restart Jenkins and use your custom build of a core plugin

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:10:43

Name three security mechanisms Jenkins uses to authenticate users.

* Jenkins uses an internal database to store user data and credentials.

* Jenkins can use the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) server to authenticate users.

* Jenkins can be configured to employ the authentication mechanism that the deployed application server uses.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:09:52

What is the difference between Azure DevOps Services and Azure DevOps Server?

This is one of the trickier Azure DevOps interview questions. Azure DevOps Services is the cloud service of Microsoft Azure and it offers a highly scalable and reliable hosted service that is globally available. DevOps Server, on the other hand, is an on-premise offering that is on a SQL Server back end.

Enterprises go for the on-premise offering when they want their day within their network or when there is a requirement for accessing SQL Server reporting services that are integrated with Azure DevOps data and tools.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:08:53

Can we move or copy Jenkins from one server to another?

Yes, it is possible. Jenkins can be moved or copied from one server to another. When copying Jenkins, it is possible to move the jobs directory from the older server to the new or the current one. This enables moving an installation by copying in the corresponding job directory.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:08:16

What are some of the useful plugins in Jenkins.

Azure DevOps Projects are an effective option for obtaining a simplified experience for bringing existing code and Git repository for creating CI and CD pipeline to Azure. The use of Azure DevOps Projects is also evident if you select one of the sample applications.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:07:42

What is Forking Workflow?

Forking Workflow gives Developers the service-side repositories. It supports open-source projects and is often used together with a Git hosting service like Bitbucket.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:05:43

What is Continuous Testing? What is the use of Test Automation in DevOps?

DevOps is all about people, culture, and automation. Continuous testing plays a crucial role in DevOps. Scripts are written for software testing and made auto executable so that testing can be automated and frequent releases are possible using the delivery pipelines.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:04:14

What is the Dogpile effect and how can you prevent it?

Dogpile effect or cache stampede indicates the expiry of cache, followed by the website being simultaneously hit by numerous requests. Semaphore lock helps prevent this effect by generating a new value as the cache expires.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 09:01:53

What is a Puppet?

Puppet is famously known as an open-source configuration management tool being utilized for the deployment, configuration, and management of servers. Essentially, its working is based on client-server architecture. In this architecture, the client is an agent whereas the server is recognized as the master. It is found that a puppet agent and master converse via a safely encrypted channel with the assistance of SSL.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:59:25

What does it mean by a branching strategy in DevOps?

Branching is a method implemented for code isolation. It creates a copy of the source code to make two versions that are separately developed. Various kinds of branching are available. Thus, the DevOps team should make a choice based on application requirements. Correspondingly, the choice is referred to as a branching strategy.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:58:17

What is the DevOps toolchain?

DevOps toolchain is formed by a stack of tools. It automates some tasks like the development and deployment of your application. Tasks in DevOps can be carried out manually with easy steps, but the requirement for automation rapidly increases due to the rise in its complexity. Therefore, toolchain automation is important for continuous delivery. Basically, GitHub a Version Control Repository is recognized as the core component of a DevOps toolchain. In this toolchain, some other tools can be delivery pipelines, backlog tracking, etc. When you enroll in the Devops course in Hyderabad, you gradually become aware of various tools and toolchains in DevOps.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:57:21

What concepts are key aspects of the Jenkins pipeline?

Pipeline: User-defined model of a CD pipeline. The pipeline's code defines the entire build process, which includes building, testing and delivering an application.

Node: A machine that is part of the Jenkins environment and capable of executing a pipeline.

Step: A single task that tells Jenkins what to do at a particular point in time.

Stage: Defines a conceptually distinct subset of tasks performed through the entire pipeline (build, test, deploy stages).

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:56:39

What are a few of the finest practices that must be followed for DevOps success?

Though you Learn DevOps Step by Step, it is important that you know which practices to follow for success in DevOps implementation.

Listed below are the important best practices necessary to be followed for DevOps implementation:

* The speed of delivery implies the time taken for a task to continue into the production environment.

* It is crucial to calculate the definite or the average time that it needs to recover in case any failure occurs in the production environment.

* The number of bugs being mentioned by the customer also influences the overall quality of the application.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:53:37

What are the necessary components for integrating Azure DevOps and Bitbucket?

The solution to this question refers to a self-hosted agent and an external Git service connection. GitLab CI/CD is compatible with GitHub and Git server like Bitbucket. Rather than shifting an entire project to GitLab, it is possible to connect external repository to obtain the benefits of GitLab CI/CD.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:52:34

What solution would you recommend to improve the quality of code upon discovering many unused variables and empty catch blocks?

The solution is to select “Run PMD” in a Maven build task. PMD is a source code analyzer and identifies common programming errors such as unused variables, unnecessary object creation, and empty code blocks. An Apache Maven PMD Plugin helps in automatically running the PMD code analysis tool on a project’s source code. The site report provides detailed results about errors in the code.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:52:07

Briefly explain various phases in DevOps

AWS (Amazon Web Services) is a popular cloud provider. It assists DevOps by offering the following benefits:.

When you undergo devops training, you can get familiar with different phases in DevOps. The different phases available in the DevOps lifecycle are as below:

Plan: Firstly, there must be a plan for the type of application required to be developed. It is always a decent idea to get a rough picture of the development process.

Code: The application is coded according to the end-user requirements.

Build: It involves building the application by assimilating different codes created in the previous steps.

Test: Recognized as the most vital step of the application development, it involves testing the application and rebuilding, if necessary.

Integrate: Several codes from different programmers are combined into one.

Deploy: The code is deployed in a cloud environment for future usage. Any new modifications do not influence the overall functioning of a high-traffic website.

Operate: Operations are carried out on the code if needed.

Monitor: The performance of the application is monitored. Modifications are done to fulfill the end-user requirements.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:50:53

Make a note about Azure Redis cache ?

Azure redis cache is an open source data structure, which works as cache and database. It is based on the famous redis cache of open source that provides secured access from azure applications. It maintains structure for data they are like hashes, sets, strings along with queries.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:49:58

Bring Out the main variations between Subscription Administrator and Directory Administrator ?

We need to assign a subscription administrator for Azure signup, it may use a Microsoft account or the work account of the directory. It is used by Azure portal management service, we can add co-admins when others are required to access with the same subscription.

It has various admin sets used to manage the features of the directory, they have different azure portal access. They can design and assign roles of administration for others, to reset the passwords and the domain management.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:49:26

How to find applications list which are pre integrated with AD and their capabilities ?

It has nearly 2,600 applications, which are pre integrated. Those applications keep up SSO, single sign on allow us to utilize the credentials of our organization for our apps access. They also gave automated support for de provisioning and provisioning.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:48:43

What is the significance of having configuration management in DevOps?

Configuration management (CM) assists the team to streamline various tasks and accomplish them in less time. In this way, it enhances the organization’s agility and performance. Also, it assists in providing consistency and enhancing the product development process by implementing means of design streamlining, control, extensive documentation, and change implementation during different phases of the project.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:47:24

Which feature would you use for developing a multi-tier application using Azure App Service web apps as the front end and Azure SQL database as the back end? The application should send the Azure DevOps team an email message in the event of the front end’s failure to return status code “200.

Application Map in Azure Application Insights is the recommended option in this case as it helps in the identification of performance bottlenecks. In addition, it also helps in identifying failure hotspots in different components of the multi-tier applications. Every node on the map provides a representation of an application component and related dependencies. In addition, it also provides status for health KPI and alerts.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:46:49

What recommendations would you provide an application for enabling communication between members of the development team working in different locations around the world using Azure DevOps?

The foremost criteria for such an application would be the facility of isolation of members of different project teams into different communication channels. In addition, it should also maintain a history of communication in the concerned channels. Furthermore, the application should integrate effectively with Azure DevOps and provide the ability to add external contractors and suppliers to projects. Microsoft Teams offers the right capabilities to address these needs.

Classification of different teams allows users to create different channels for organizing communications according to the topic. Every channel could include a few users or even thousands of users. The guest access feature in Microsoft Teams provides the capability for inviting external people to join internal channels for file sharing, messaging, and meetings. The feature helps in providing business-to-business project management. Microsoft Teams also integrates directly with Azure DevOps.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:46:00

What should you do to make a NuGet package available to anonymous users outside your organization alongside minimizing the number of publication points?

The solution to this question is the creation of a new feed for the package. Packages hosted in Azure Artifacts find storage in a feed. Setting up permissions on the feed enables sharing packages with higher scalability according to the scenario’s requirements. The multiple feeds on Azure Artifacts help in controlling access to packages across four levels of access. The four levels of access are owners, readers, contributors, and collaborators.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:44:47

What is the role of Azure Artifacts?

Candidates could find such Azure DevOps interview questions related to components of Azure DevOps commonly in interviews. Azure Artifacts serves as an extension of Azure DevOps Services and Azure DevOps Server. The service is available pre-installed in Azure DevOps Server 2019, Team Foundation Server (TFS) 2017 and 2018 and Azure DevOps Services. Azure Artifacts bring the concepts of multiple feeds for the first time.

Multiple feeds can help in organization and controlling access to packages. Azure Artifacts help in the creation and sharing of Maven, NuGet, and npm package feeds from private and public sources with teams of varying sizes. Azure Artifacts provides the facility of adding completely integrated package management to your continuous integration/continuous delivery (CI/CD) pipelines in a single click.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:43:57

How to find applications list which are pre integrated with AD and their capabilities ?

It has nearly 2,600 applications, which are pre integrated. Those applications keep up SSO, single sign on allow us to utilize the credentials of our organization for our apps access. They also gave automated support for de provisioning and provisioning.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:43:01

If we do maximum failed attempts of authentication via Azure AD, then what happens ?

We have more advanced strategies for accounts lock, that is based on requests of IP addresses and passwords which are entered. By using those advanced strategies we can increase the time of lockout, which seems like an attack.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:42:12

Why should we use Azure pipelines, continuous integration and continuous development ?

The execution of the azure pipelines, continuous integration and continuous development is the better way to secure the code quality. They provide a simple, secured and quick way for process automation, which helps to project build and also warrant the obtainability.

It offers free services for public projects and also 30 hours free service per month for private projects. The given points are some reasons for why we should use Azure DevOps pipelines, continuous integration and continuous delivery.

* It holds up any platform.
* The continuous deployment for different kinds of the targets.
* Azure development integration.
* It helps for windows, linux machines and the mac building.
* Github integration.
* Working abilities through the project of open source.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:41:49

Explain the Containers and Azure DevOps supports which containers ?

Containers offer a simple software code approach which associates the dependencies, package and the configuration in a solitary project. We may increase the reply through the beginning, by which various containers run on identical mechain and share with other containers also. Containers used for the quick and well founded deployment, Azure DevOps gave support for Asp.Net, docker and the containers.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:41:06

Explain about break fix issues.

Break fix issues are nothing but the technical issues, that term belongs to industrial which includes work with technical support when it fails in normal functioning. This failure needs supportive organizations interruption for working order restoration.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:40:36

Are Scale sets works with availability sets of Azure ?

Yes, it is an inferred set of availability, which contains 5 update domains and 5 fault domains. Its VMs span is more than 100, that is equal to various sets of availability. VMs set of availability is present in the same network, VMs control node is created by the common configuration in sets of availability.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:40:18

Briefly explain about Network security groups ?

NSG includes the access control list which may permit or neglect the traffic of a network for subnets, they may be associated with an NIC of individuals that connect with a subnet or with the subnets. If a subnet is associated with an NSG then a subnet ACL is applied for VM, it also limits the traffic for an individual NIC with the help of NSG.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:40:01

Make a note about availability sets ?

This set is VMs logical group, which helps us to find how our application is built in Azure that offers availability, to get highly availability for application it is suggested that two or multiple VMs are designed in the sets of availability which leads to the Azure SLA at 99.95. If we use single VMs along with the storage of Azure premium, then for the maintenance of unplanned events Azure SLA is used.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:39:44

Briefly explain the virtual machine scale sets ?

a compute resource which is used for the deployment and the management of a pair of twin VMs, they are designed with the similar configuration for true autoscale. There is no special need for VMs pre-provisioning and simple for services of large scale, they concentrate on workload of containerised, big data.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:39:19

What are Azure Test Plans?

Candidates should prepare for Azure DevOps interview questions like this one. Azure Test Plans are a service with Azure DevOps that provides a browser-based test management solution. The test plans also provide crucial capabilities in exploratory testing, user acceptance testing, and planned manual testing. Azure Test Plans also have a browser extension to provide exploratory testing alongside a collection of feedback from stakeholders.

Manual and exploratory testing are important techniques for the evaluation of a product or service quality. In addition, Azure Test Plans are also responsible for realizing the focus of DevOps on automated testing. Azure Test Plans helps in assimilating the contributions from developers, testers, product owners, user experience advocates, and managers to the quality of a project.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:37:23

What are the reasons to use CI and CD and Azure Pipelines?

Implementation of CI and CD pipelines is one of the best approaches for ensuring reliable and quality code. This is one of the important Azure DevOps interview questions that you should focus on. Azure Pipelines offer an easy, secure, and faster approach for automation of processes to build projects and ensuring their availability.

In addition, the use of Azure Pipelines for public projects is completely free. On the other hand, using private projects is also cost-effective as you get around 30 hours of pipeline jobs per month for free. In addition, you can also present the following reasons to use Azure pipelines for CI and CD in such Azure DevOps interview questions.

* Support for any language or platform
* Deployment to various types of a target simultaneously
* Integration with Azure deployments
* Building on Windows, Mac, and Linux machines
* Integration with GitHub
* Capability for working with open-source projects

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:36:59

Make a comparison between Azure DevOps server and services ?

Azure DevOps services: It is a microsoft service of cloud, which is reliable, scalable and hosted services which are available globally.

Azure DevOps server: It is a kind of on premise, which is used to build the back end server of SQL. People select this option for their requirement of their day with the network, the main reason for selecting it contains the requirement of SQL servers access by using azure data and tools.

They Both provide the same services along with particular advantages, the given below are some benefits of services

* It easily manages the server.
* Its remote sites are used for best connectivity.
* The latest features get quick access.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:36:10

Make a comparison between DevOps and agile methodology ?

DevOps: It is a kind of culture which helps to collaborate operation teams and the development, and makes them work simultaneously. The output of this process is continuous integration, testing, deployment, development and it scans the entire lifecycle of the software.

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Agile: It is a type of procedure of software which concentrates small, iterative, the quick delivery of the software and the feedback from users. This process displays the problems and the gaps between developers and the users.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:35:39

Name the web application which can be deployed with Azure ?

The given below are the web applications, that can be deployed with Azure

* ASP.NET
* PHP
* WCF

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:35:01

What are Azure pipelines?

This is one of the technical Azure DevOps interview questions for the consideration of candidates. Azure Pipeline is a service on the Azure cloud which you can use for automatically building and testing code project. In addition, it also works effectively with the majority of languages and project types, thereby presenting improvements in the availability of code project to other users.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:34:06

What are containers in DevOps, and which container platforms does Azure DevOps support?

The container provides an easy approach for packaging software code, related configurations, packages, and dependencies in a single project. Candidates could find this entry in Azure DevOps interview questions generally. You can extend the response by stating that multiple containers could run on the same machine and share the operating system with other containers.

As a result, containers could help in faster, consistent, and reliable deployments. Azure DevOps provides container support for Docker and Asp.Net with containers. In addition, the Azure Kubernetes Services and Azure Service Fabric application with Docker support also provide container support on Azure.

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:33:54

What are the important reasons to use Azure Boards?

The applications of Azure Boards and its features are the foremost reasons to choose them. Here is an outline of the prominent reasons to use Azure Boards.

* Simple to start with an opportunity for scaling as per growth levels
* The facility of visually interactive tools
* Ease of customization
* In-built tools for social communication
* Flexible information capturing and ample cloud storage capacity
* Easy to find requirements and facility of notifications regarding changes
* Monitoring status and progress with in-built analytics and dashboards
* Integration with MS Office
* The benefit of extensions and extensibility
* Opportunity to start without a price

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:33:42

What is Azure Repos?

This is a basic Azure DevOps interview question but it can be difficult to answer. Azure Repos is a version control system that can manage the different versions of a code and the code itself throughout the lifecycle of development. It is easy to track any changes in the code made by different teams. It also keeps a detailed record of these changes and the history for better coordination within the team. The changes are then merged at a later stage.

Azure Repos offers a centralized version control system (Team Foundation Version Control) as well as a distributed version control system (Git).

Posted Date:- 2021-11-11 08:32:42

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