Aptitude/Aptitude Mcq Questions Kingdom Monera Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
 If enzyme concentration is low than substrate pH and temperature values are equal to requirement then which of the following will increase rate of reaction.

1.increase in concentration of enzyme

2.increase in concentration of substrate

3.increase in pH

4.increase in temperature

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
A bacterium with tuft of flagella at both poles is called

1.Lophotrichus

2.Monotrichous

3.Peritrichous

4.Amphitrichous

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
A chemical substance which can react (in place of substrate) with the enzyme but is not transformed into product/s and thus blocks the active site temporarily or permanently is called

1.Co-enzyme

2.Blocker

3.Inhibitor

4.Cofactor

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
A substance which binds at the active site of the enzyme but does not result in the formation of the products is called:

1.Irreversible inhibitor

2.Reversible inhibitor

3.Competitive inhibitor

4.Non-competitive inhibitor

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
A three dimensional dcavity bearing a specific charge by which the enzyme reacts with its substrate is called

1.Active site

2.Binding site

3.Catalytic site

4.Allosteric site

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Cell wall is absent in

1.Cocci

2.Bacilli

3.Mycobacterium

4.Mycoplasma

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Cell wass of Archaeobacteria does not contain

1.Peptidoglycan

2.Proteins

3.Glycoproteins

4.Polysaccharides

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Coccobacillus has a shape similar to

1.Diplobacillus

2.Sarcina

3.Egg

4.None of these

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Coccus

1.Diplococci

2.Octococci

3.Tetrad

4.Sarcina

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
E. coli and example of

1.Aerobic bacteria

2.Anaerobic bacteria

3.Facultative bacteria

4.Microaerophilic

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
E. coli and example of entrobacteriace is important for causing diarrheal diseases its size is:

1.0.1-600 um

2.100-200 nm

3.1.1-1.5 um (width) 2.0-6.0 um (length)

4.0.75-1.25 um

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Enzymes _________ the activation energy of a chemical reaction

1.Increases

2.Decreases

3.Does not effect

4.Increases or decreases depending upon individual enzyme

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Example of bacteria requiring low concentration of oxygen is

1.Campylobactor

2.spirocheta

3.E-coli

4.Pseudomonas

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Excessive increase in temperature of medium causes the enzyme molecule to

1.Activate

2.Unaffected

3.Denatured

4.None of these.

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Extreme change in pH results in:

1.Change in ionization of amino acids at the active site of the enzyme.

2.Change in the ionization of the substrate.

3.Denaturation of the enzyme

4.Increase in the reaction rate

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Extremely long molecule of DNA that is tightly folded to fit inside the cell component is called

1.Nucleus

2.Chromosome

3.Chromatid

4.Chromatin body

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Flagella originate from

1.Cell membrane

2.Cell wall

3.Capsule

4.Basal body

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Germ theory of disease has ______ postulates

1.3

2.5

3.4

4.6

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Gram positive bacteria appear

1.Purple

2.Red

3.Pink

4.Blue

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
If more substrate to already occurring enzymatic reaction is added and there is no effect on the rate of the reaction what is the form given to this situation:

1.Saturation

2.Denaturation

3.Composition

4.Inhibition

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
If more substrate to already occurring enzymatic reaction is added more enzyme activity is seen because:

1.There is probably more substrate present than there is enzyme.

2.There is probably more enzayme available than there is substrate.

3.There is probably more product present than there is either substrate or enzyme.

4.The enzyme substrate complex is probably failing to form during the reaction.

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
If the concentration of enzyme is kept constant and amount of substrate is increased a point is reached where increase in substrates concentration does not affect the reaction rate because of

1.Enzymes get denatured at higher substrate conc.

2.Rate of reaction is indirectly proportional to substrate concentration at this point.

3.All the active sites on enzyme molecule are occupied.

4.None of these.

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
In bacterial categories the bacteria smaller in number are

1.Gram-ive bacteria

2.Gram-ive bacteria

3.Ancient bacteria

4.Gram +ive bacteria

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Inhibitors which block the enzyme by forming weak bond are called

1.Competitive inhibitors.

2.Non-competitive inhibitors

3.Irreversible inhibitors.

4.Both a and b

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Lock and Key model was proposed by

1.Emil Fischer

2.Koshland

3.Robin Williams

4.Rudolph Virchow

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Malonic acid is an example of:

1.Irreversible inhibitor

2.Reversible inhibitor

3.Competitive inhibitor

4.Non-competitive inhibitor

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Nitrifying bacteria are the examples of

1.Hetrotrophic bacteria

2.Chemosynthetic bacteria

3.Saprophytic bacteria

4.Parasitic bacteria

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Optimal temperature of enzymes present in human body is

1.27?C

2.37?C

3.47?C

4.30?C

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Purple non-sulphur bacteria is an example of

1.Heterotrophic bacteria

2.Chemosynthetic bacteria

3.Photosynthetic bacteria

4.Saprotrophic bacteria

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Some bacteria ranging occasionally a size of 500 ?m in length are

1.Escherichia coli

2.Spirochetes

3.Mycoplasma

4.Epulopiscuim

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
The active site of an enzyme:

1.Never changes

2.Forms no chemical bond with substrate

3.Determined by structure and the specificity of the enzyme.

4.They are non specific in their action.

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
The common waste material in bacteria is

1.Glycogen

2.Lactic acid

3.Ammonia

4.Urea

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
The first bacterium isolated was

1.Coccus

2.Bacillus

3.Vibrio

4.Spirochete

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
The rate of reaction is directly proportional to the concentration of an enzyme which statement is incorrect in this respect:

1.Increase in enzyme molecule increases the available active sites.

2.This relation is for unlimited time period with unlimited enzyme concentration

3.If the concentration is doubled the rate will become two fold.

4.None of these.

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
The size of Spirochete is

1.0.1 -600 um

2.100-200 nm

3.500 um

4.0.75-1.25 um

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
The structure of an enzyme is altered by:

1.Irreversible inhibitor

2.Reversible inhibitor

3.Competitive inhibitor

4.Non-competitive inhibitor

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
The word Archaeobacteria (a division of bacteria) derived from Greek means

1.True bacteria

2.False bacteria

3.Recent bacteria

4.Ancient bacteria

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Those bacteria which are fully dependent upon their host for nutrition are called

1.Heterotrophic bacteria

2.Chemosynthetic bacteria

3.Saprophytic bacteria

4.Parasitic bacteria

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Which of the following bacteria are thick rigid and spiral?

1.Vibrio

2.Spirillum

3.Spirochete

4.Coccus

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Which of the following bacteria do not have flagella commonly?

1.Cocci

2.Bacilli

3.Streptobacilli

4.Vibrio

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Which of the following contains genes for drug and disease resistance in bacteria?

1.Necleotide

2.Plasmid

3.Mesosome

4.Ribosome

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Which of the following has a chain arrangement?

1.Streptobacillus

2.Streptococci

3.Staphylococci

4.Both A and B

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Which of the following statement is incorrect regarding germ theory of diseases postulated by Robert Koch?

1.A specific organism can always be found in association with a given disease

2.The organism can be isolated and grown in pure culture in the laboratories

3.The pure culture cannot produce the disease when inoculated into susceptible animal however the causative organism isolated from pure culture can do so.

4.It is possible to recover the organism in pure culture from the experimentally infected animals.

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Which of the following structure is not present in all the bacteria?

1.Cell membrane

2.Chromatin bodies

3.Ribosomes

4.Capsule

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Which of the following structure primarily helps in attachment of bacteria on various surfaces?

1.Flagella

2.Pili

3.Both of these

4.None of these

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Which of the following structure provides greater pathogenicity to the bacteria?

1.Capsule

2.Slime

3.Cell Wall

4.Cell membrane

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Which statement is incorrect about Lock and Key Model?

1.Specific enzyme can transform only a specific substrate

2.Active site of an enzyme is a non flexible structure.

3.Active site does not change before during or even after the reaction.

4.It explains the mechanism of every chemical reaction.

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Which step causes activation of catalytic site of an enzyme?

1.Change in pH of the surroundings.

2.Formation of Enzyme Susstrate complex.

3.Change in the charge of the active site.

4.Change in temperature

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Who coined the term Animalcules for microorganisms like Bacteria and protozoa?

1.Robert Koch

2.Louis Pasteur

3.Alexander Fleming

4.Leeuwenhoek

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


Question:
Who discovered the bacteria causing tuberculosis and also developed various techniques of media preparation and maintenance of pure culture?

1.Robert Koch

2.Louis Pasteur

3.Alexander Fleming

4.Leeuwenhoek

Posted Date:-2021-08-29 22:53:45


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