Cucumber interview questions for freshers/Cucumber Interview Questions and Answers for Freshers & Experienced

Should any code be written within the TestRunner class?

No code should be written under the TestRunner class. It should include the tags @RunWith and @CucumberOptions.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:19:54

What is the use of Behavior Driven Development in Agile methodology?

The advantages of Behavior Driven Development are best realized when non-technical users such as Business Analysts use BDD to draft requirements and provide the same to the developers for implementation.

In Agile methodology, user stories can be written in the format of feature file and the same can be taken up for implementation by the developers.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:18:52

How can you run a selected test from a group of tests in Cucumber?

We may execute a single test from a set of tests in the Cucumber framework using the tags idea. This is found in the TestRunner file's @CucumberOptions section. With the use of the @t<agname> keyword, we may tag a scenario in the feature file. A scenario can have one or more tags within the feature file. We can separate test scenarios with the assistance of tagging. We must pass the <tagname> value within the tags argument to execute a selected test in Cucumber, and we must pass the <~tagname> value within the tags parameter to exclude a test from running.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:17:49

Difference between JBehave and Cucumber.

Despite the fact that Cucumber and JBehave have the same goal in mind, acceptance tests are two quite distinct frameworks:

* Cucumber is built on Ruby, while JBehave is a pure Java Framework.
* Cucumber is built on features, whereas JBehave is based on stories.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:17:10

How can you run Cucumber tests parallelly?

The Cucumber JVM Parallel Plugin, which may be used with Serenity BDD, can be used to conduct parallel tests in Cucumber. The plugin will look in the src/test/resources directory for feature files. After that, it will create runners for each file.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:16:22

What do you mean by Test Driven Development (TDD)?

TDD is an abbreviation that stands for Test-Driven Development. This is a development practice in which the test cases are created first, followed by the code that underpins the test cases. TDD may also be used to construct automation testing. TDD takes longer to develop due to the fact that it finds fewer flaws. The TDD development practice has increased the quality of code, which is more reusable and flexible as a result. TDD also aids developers in achieving high test coverage, ranging from 90% to 100%. The sole disadvantage of TDD for developers is that they must build test cases before producing code.

The following is a list of the TDD methodology's basic six-step process:

First, all the test cases are written. Based on your requirements, you must create an automated test case.
Carry out all of the tests: Carry out these automated test cases on the code that has been developed so far.
Modify the code for that test case: You must develop the code to make that test casework as intended if it fails throughout this step.
Rerun the test cases: Now you must rerun the test cases to ensure that all of the previously developed test cases have been implemented.
Modularize your code as follows: This is a step that can be skipped. However, refactoring your code to make it more readable and reusable is recommended. That is why it is necessary.
For new test scenarios, repeat steps 1–5: This is the final phase in the process. You must now repeat the process for the remaining test cases till all of them have been implemented.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:15:32

In a feature file, what is the maximum number of scenarios?

A feature file in Cucumber can include a maximum of 10 scenarios. This quantity can differ from one project to the next and from one organization to the next. It's advisable to keep the number of scenarios in the feature file to a minimum.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:14:32

What is the use of Background keyword in Cucumber?

Cucumber supports a variety of programming languages, including Java,.NET, Ruby, and others. It can also be used with other tools like Capybara and Selenium.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:13:10

What are hooks in Cucumber?

Hooks are code blocks that execute before or after each Cucumber scenario in the execution cycle. This enables us to better control the development workflow and decrease code redundancy. Setting up the web driver and terminating the web driver session resembles a test setup. When dealing with different scenarios, it's best to do the setup and clean up only once. Hooks are used to bringing optimization.

Certain preconditions, such as executing the program, creating a database connection, preparing the test data, and so on, may be required in some cases. There are also several postconditions to be fulfilled, such as ending the database connection, closing the browser, refreshing test data, and logging out of the program. Cucumber handles all of these situations with the use of hooks.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:12:19

Provide an example of a feature file using the Cucumber framework.

Following is an example of a feature file for the scenario ‘Login into the application’:

Feature: Login to the application under test.
Scenario: Login to the application.

* Open the Chrome browser and launch the application.
* When the user enters the username onto the UserName field.
* And User enters the password into the Password field.
* When the user clicks on the Login button.
* Then validate if the user login is successful.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:11:37

What is the use of glue property under cucumber Options tag?

Glue property is used to let Cucumber framework identify the location of step definition files.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:09:33

What is the purpose of Cucumber Options tag?

Cucumber Options tag is used to provide a link between the feature files and step definition files. Each step of the feature file is mapped to a corresponding method on the step definition file.

Below is the syntax of Cucumber Options tag:

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:08:55

What is the use of Background keyword in Cucumber?

Background keyword is used to group multiple given statements into a single group. This is generally used when the same set of given statements are repeated in each scenario of the feature file.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:08:19

What is the purpose of Scenario Outline in Cucumber?

Scenario outline is a way of parameterization of scenarios. This is ideally used when the same scenario needs to be executed for multiple sets of data, however, the test steps remain the same. Scenario Outline must be followed by the keyword ‘Examples’, which specify the set of values for each parameter.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:07:43

Explain undefined steps in Cucumber?

When Cucumber can’t find a matching Step Definition the step gets marked as yellow, and all subsequent steps in the scenario are skipped.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:07:07

How do you comment the code in Cucumber? What is the importance of comments?

A comment is a chunk of code that is intended for documentation rather than execution. To make it more legible and clear, whether it's a step definition file or a feature file. As a result, it's critical to use/insert comments in the right places throughout the file. This is also beneficial for troubleshooting the code. Comments can be added to Cucumber feature files at any time. To add comments, simply begin the statement with the “#” sign.
Different programming languages have different standards for commenting. Let's see how Cucumber handles the situation:

* For Step Definition File, if you're using Java as a platform, start your comments with "/."
* In the case of a feature file, we only need to type # before starting our comment.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:06:27

What is the purpose of the Step Definition file in Cucumber?

A step definition file in Cucumber is used to segregate the feature files from the underlying code. Each step of the feature file can be mapped to a corresponding method on the Step Definition file.

While feature files are written in an easily understandable language like, Gherkin, Step Definition files are written in programming languages such as Java, .Net, Ruby, etc.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:05:38

What Is Cucumber Dry Run?

Cucumber dry run is used to compile cucumber feature files and stepDefinitions. If there is any compilations errors it will show when we use dry run.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:04:57

What are cucumber tags? And why do we use them?

Cucumber tags help in filtering the scenarios. We can tag the scenarios and then run them based on tags.

1- We can add tags to scenarios with the <@> symbol.
2- We can use the following command to run a cucumber tagged scenario.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:04:02

Explain successful steps in Cucumber?

When Cucumber finds a matching Step Definition it will execute it. If the block in the step definition doesn’t raise an Exception, the step is marked as successful (green).

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:03:16

Advantages of Cucumber

Here, are some prominent advantages of using Cucumber.

* It is helpful to involve business stakeholders who can’t easily read the code
* Cucumber Testing enhances the end-user experience
* Style of writing tests allow for easier reuse of code in the tests
* Allows quick and easy setup and execution

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:02:35

Enlist the files needed in the Cucumber framework.

The following are the files required for a Cucumber framework:

<> Feature File: It has plain text descriptions of single or numerous test situations. Keywords like Then, When, Background, Scenario Outline, Feature, And, But, and so on are used in the tests. As a result, it's a file that keeps track of features and their descriptions.

<> Step Definition File: It has the extension .java. It essentially acts as a translator between the test scenario steps provided in the feature file and the automation code. Cucumber searches the step definition file and executes the relevant functions that are assigned to that step when it runs a step described in the feature file.

<> TestRunner: .java is the file extension for this file. It connects the feature file and the step definition file. It allows the user to run one or more feature files at the same time. It contains the locations of the step definition and feature files.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:01:55

What are Step Definitions in the context of Cucumber?

Step definitions connect Gherkin steps to programming code. The mapping between each step of the scenario defined in the feature file and a code of the function to be executed is stored in the steps definition file. A step definition carries out the action that should be performed by the step. So step definitions hard-wire the specification to the implementation.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:00:56

What does a cucumber features/ support file contain?

Features/ support file contains supporting ruby code. Files in support load before those in step_definitions, which can be useful for environment configuration.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 08:00:23

How can you get colored output (cucumber results) in command prompt?

Ansicon is used to give colored output for features, Step definitions, Errors, and test results.

Download the ansicon and select 32 bit/64 bit depends upon your system configuration.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:59:45

What is the use of Step definition files?

Step definition maps the test case steps in the feature files(introduced by Given/When/Then) to code which executes and checks the outcomes from the system under test.

A step definition is analogous to a method defined in any kind of Object Oriented programming language.

Step definition is defined in ruby files under features/step_definitions/*_steps.rb".

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:59:07

What Are Before, After, Beforestep And Afterstep Hooks?

Before: execute before the feature file execution

After: executes after the feature file execution

BeforeStep: executes before the each step execution

AfterStep: executes after the each step execution

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:58:38

What is the language used for expressing scenario in feature file?

Gherkin language is used to express scenario in feature files and ruby files containing unobtrusive automation testing for the steps in scenarios.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:56:08

When to use Rspec and when to use Cucumber?

* Rspec is used for Unit Testing

* Cucumber is used for Behavior-driven development. Cucumber can be used for System and Integration Tests

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:55:38

Explain test harness

A test harness for Cucumber and rspec allows for separating responsibility between setting up the context and interacting with the browser and cleaning up the step definition files

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:54:37

What are the differences between Jbehave and Cucumber?

Although Cucumber and Jbehave are meant for the same purpose, acceptance tests are completely different frameworks

* Jbehave is, and Cucumber is Ruby-based
* Jbehave are based on stories while Cucumber is based on features

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:54:05

What is the purpose of a Scenario Outline in Cucumber?

Scenario outline is a way of parameterization of scenarios. This is ideally used when the same scenario needs to be executed for multiple sets of data, however, the test steps remain the same. Scenario Outline must be followed by the keyword ‘Examples’, which specify the set of values for each parameter.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:53:30

What Is Profile In Cucumber?

We can create Cucumber profiles to run specific features and step definitions.

We can use following command to execute a cucumber profile
cucumber features -p <profile_name>

Ex: cucumber features -p regression

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:52:57

Explain the purpose of keywords that are used for writing a scenario in Cucumber.

“Given” keyword is used to specify a precondition for the scenario. When a keyword is used to specify an operation to be performed. The keyword is used to specify the expected result of a performed action. “And” keyword is used to join one or more statements together into a single statement.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:52:23

What are the two files which you need to run a Cucumber test scenario?

If you want to execute a Cucumber test, then make sure it has the following two files.
1- A feature file.
2- A step definition file.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:51:50

What is BDD?

BDD or Behavior-driven development is a process of developing software based on TDD (Test Driven Development) which focuses on the behavioral specification of software testing units.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:51:29

When is Cucumber used in real time?

Cucumber tool is generally used in real time to write acceptance tests for an application. It is generally used by non-technical people such as Business Analysts, Functional Testers etc.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:51:03

What do you mean by Scenario Outline?

Consider the situation when we need to run a test scenario multiple times. Assume we need to ensure that the login feature is functional for all types of subscribers. This necessitates repeating the login functionality scenario. Copying and pasting the identical instructions to just re-run the code does not appear to be a good approach. Gherkin adds another framework, the scenario outline, to help with this. The scenario outline is similar to scenario, with the exception that several inputs are provided.

Scenario Outline - Sign In Feature for a website.
Explanation: The website can have multiple users and so we need to consider all the users while implementing the sign-in functionality.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:50:07

What do you mean by scenario in Cucumber Testing?

Scenario is a fundamental Gherkin structure. Every scenario begins with the keyword "Scenario:" (or a localized version of it) and ends with a scenario title. Every feature can have one or more scenarios, each of which has one or more steps.

As an example of a scenario, consider the following:

Scenario − Verify My Orders Functionality.
Explanation: When a user clicks on the My Orders option he/ she should be taken to the My Orders page.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:49:44

Give an example for step definition using “Given” function?

For example to make visitor visit the site “Yahoo” the command we use for given

Given (/^ I am on$/) do

Browser.goto “”

end – This will visit

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:49:16

What are the various keywords that are used in Cucumber for writing a scenario?

Mentioned below are the keywords that are used for writing a scenario:

* Given
* When
* Then
* And

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:48:54

What is meant by a feature file?

A feature file must provide a high-level description of an Application Under Test (AUT). The first line of the feature file must start with the keyword ‘Feature’ followed by the description of the application under test.

A feature file may include multiple scenarios within the same file. A feature file has the extension .feature.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:48:27

What language is used by Cucumber?

Gherkin is the language that is used by the Cucumber tool. It is a simple English representation of the application behavior. Gherkin language uses several keywords to describe the behavior of applications such as Feature, Scenario, Scenario Outline, Given, When, Then, etc.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:47:50

What is Scenario Outline in feature file?

Scenario Outline is the same scenario can be executed for multiple sets of data using the scenario outline. The data is provided by a tabular structure separated by (I I).

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:47:32

Give an example of a behavior is driven test in plain text?

<> Feature: Visit XYZ page in
<> Scenario: Visit
<> Given: I am on
<> When: I click on XYZ page
<> Then: I should see ABC page

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:46:58

explain the use of Background keyword in Cucumber?

Background keyword is used to group multiple given statements into a single group. The keyword mostly used when the same set of given statements are repeated in each scenario of the feature file.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:45:46

What are the two files required to execute a Cucumber test scenario?

Two files required to execute a Cucumber test scenario are

<> Features
<> Step Definition

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:45:21

What is the principle of Behaviour Driven Development?

Behaviour Driven Development (BDD) is a synthesis and refinement of practices stemming from Test Driven Development (TDD) and Acceptance Test-Driven Development (ATDD). BDD augments TDD and ATDD by
applying the “Five Why’s” principle to each proposed user story so that its purpose is clearly related to business outcomes. Five Why's is an iterative interrogative approach for uncovering the cause-and-effect links at the root of a problem. The main purpose of this technique is to uncover the core cause of a flaw or problem by asking "Why?" repeatedly. Each response serves as the foundation for the next question.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:44:14

What is Gherkin Language?

Gherkin is a readable business language that allows you to define business activity without getting bogged down in implementation specifics. It's a domain-specific language for defining specs tests in Cucumber format. It describes use cases in plain English and helps users to remove logic elements from behaviour testing.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:44:00

What is Cucumber? Explain the need of using Cucumber.

Cucumber is a behavior-driven development (BDD) testing tool. The BDD framework's major goal is to bring together a variety of project responsibilities, such as quality assurance, developers, and business analysts, to understand the application without diving too deeply into the technical components.
Testers use Cucumber to create test cases for evaluating program behaviour. It is an important tool to automate acceptance tests written in logical language that customers can understand. It's primarily used to develop acceptance tests for web apps based on their features' behaviour.

Posted Date:- 2021-10-16 07:43:48

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