Biochemistry/Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 8 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
 
A best described ketogenic amino acid is

1.lysine

2.tryptophan

3.valine

4.none of these

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
 
A person with phenylketonuria will convert

1.phenylalanine to phenylpyruvate

2.phenylalanine to isoleucine

3. phenylpyruvate to phenylalanine

4.tyrosine to phenylalanine

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
 
Better understanding of the nuclei is possible,

1.with the help of wavelength spectrum

2.with the help of frequencies ranges

3.with the help of a mathematical translator called the fourier transfer algorithm

4.none of the above

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
 
How do you turn a signal recorded in the time domain into a frequency domain signal?

1.Fourier transformation

2.Measurement of peak areas

3.By use of a Michelson interferometer

4.None of the above

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
 
Manganese is a key component of all of the following enzymes except

1.arginase

2.pyruvate carboxylase

3.ceruloplasmin

4.Mn-superoxide dismutase

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
 
Normal glucose metabolism requires

1.chromium

2.manganese

3.magnesium

4.calcium

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
 
Transamination is the transfer of an amino

1.acid to a carboxylic acid plus ammonia

2.group from an amino acid to a keto acid

3.acid to a keto acid plus ammonia

4.group from an amino acid to a carboxylic acid

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
 
Which of the following mineral is involved in the enzyme -controlled energy yielding reactions of metabolism?

1.Calcium

2.Phosphorus

3.Iron

4.Copper

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
  
Which group is most often affected with copper deficiency?

1.Elderly woman

2.Alcoholics

3. Active toddlers with limited

4.Preterm infants food variety

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
  
Which of the following vitamin is essential for the absorption of calcium from the intestinal tract?

1. Vitamin D

2. Vitamin E

3. Vitamin B12

4. Vitamin B6

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
  
Wilson's disease is an example of __________ and Menkes' syndrome is an example of __________ .

1.zinc deficiency; zinc toxicity

2.zinc toxicity; zinc deficiency

3.copper deficiency; copper toxicity

4.copper toxicity; copper deficiency

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
A ketogenic amino acid is one which degrades to

1. keto-sugars

2.either acetyl CoA or acetoacetyl CoA

3.pyruvate or citric acid cycle intermediates

4.multiple intermediates including pyruvate or citric acid cycle intermediates and acetyl CoA or acetoacetyl CoA

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
A person suffering from phenylketonuria on consumption food containing high phenylalanine may lead to the accumulation of

1.phenylalanine

2.phenylpyruvate

3.tyrosine

4.isoleucine

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
A person with phenylketonuria is advised not to consume which of the following products?

1.Glycine containing foods

2.Fat containing food

3.Glucose

4.Aspartame

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Adding __________ to a breakfast of cereal will help your body absorb iron.

1.milk

2.orange juice

3.coffe

4.water

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
All hydrogen atoms

1.have the same resonance frequency

2.resonate at different frequencies depending on their environment.

3.are attached to carbon

4.. resonate at about the same frequency as carbon

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
An endemic disease of cardiomyopathy in children is attributed to

1. low Se in the environment

2.low intake of iron

3.high Se in the environment

4.high intake of iron

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
An example of the oxidative deamination is

1.glutamate = hexanoic acid + NH3

2.aspartate + α-ketoglutarate = glutamate + oxaloacetate

3.glutamate = α-ketoglutarate + NH3

4.aspartate + hexanoic acid = glutamate + Oxaloacetate

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
An FT-IR instrument record a signal in the

1.time domain

2.frequency domain

3.both (a) and (b)

4. none of these

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Chronic consumption of excess selenium can lead to

1.brittle hair and nails.

2.muscle weakness,

3.TPN

4.diarrhea.

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Consumption of which nutrient leads to the multiplication of oral bacteria?

1.Fat

2.Carbohydrate

3.Protein

4.Fluoride

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Coupling causes the peaks in 1H NMR spectra to be split into

1.two peaks

2.multiple peaks equal to the number of hydrogens on surrounding atoms

3.multiple peaks equal to the number of surrounding carbon atoms

4.multiple peaks equal to the number of hydrogen on surrounding atoms, plus one

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Cytochrome C has an isoelectric pH of

1.8.5

2.10.05

3.7.5

4.11.05

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Examples of goitrogenic foods are __________ and __________ .

1.turnips and corn

2.rutabagas and okra

3. raw cabbage and turnips

4.cassava and lettuce

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
How many possible orientations do spin 1/2 nuclei have when they are located in an applied magnetic field?

1.2

2.4

3.3

4.6

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
In FT-NMR, how are nuclei excited?

1. By radio-frequency radiation whose frequency is swept across a predetermined range

2. By an intense pulse of radiation which contains a wide range of frequencies

3.By an intense pressure

4.None of the above

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
In immunofluroscence microscopy, fluroscent compounds are attached to

1.an antibody specific for the subcellular structure

2.an antigen specific for the subcellular structure

3.bound antibody specific for the subcellular structure

4.none of these

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
In scanning electron microscopy 

1.a specimen is fixed and then coated with thin layer of a heavy metal

2.a specimen is fixed and then coated with transition metal

3.a specimen is not fixed and then coated with thin layer of a heavy metal

4.none of the above

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
In the normal breakdown of phenylalanine, it is initially degraded to

1.fumarate

2.tyrosine

3.lysine

4.phenylpuruvate

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Iodine is a part of thyroid hormone and is essential for the prevention of

1.goiter

2.osteoporosis

3.muscle weakness

4. diarrhea

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
An example of a transamination process is

1. glutamate = hexanoic acid + NH3

2. aspartate + hexanoic acid = glutamate + oxaloacetate

3.aspartate + α ketoglutarate = glutamate + oxaloacetate

4.glutamate = α-ketoglutarate + NH3

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Lysine is degraded to acetoacetyl CoA and is described as a

1.ketogenic amino acid

2.glucogenic amino acid

3.keto-gluco amino acid

4.none of these

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Manganese is needed for

1.normal bone structure

2.reproduction and functioning of central nervous system

3.both (a) and (b)

4.muscle strengthening

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Negative staining is a technique used in

1.electron microscopy

2.gel electrophoresis

3. immunocytochemistry

4.light microscopy

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Selenium deficiency leads to

1.liver necrosis

2.diarrhea

3.multiple sclerosis

4.Crohn's disease

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
The frequency of precession, the transition frequency and the Larmor frequency are

1.different terms for the same frequency

2.same terms for the same frequency

3. different terms for the different frequency

4. same terms for the different frequency

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
The GC trace obtained after an experiment is called a

1.chromatograph

2.chromatogram

3.chromatophore

4.graph

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
The mineral which aids in the utilization of iron and in hemoglobin synthesis is

1.Calcium

2.Phosphorus

3.cobalt

4.Copper

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
The mineral which is considered important in maintaining electrical potential in nerves and membranes is

1.magnesium

2.manganese

3.Calcium

4.Iron

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
The most toxic compounds is

1.tyrosine

2.phenylpyruvate

3.lysine

4.phenylalanine

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
The sequence of amino acids in proteins can be determined by means of

1.identification of the -NH2 terminal amino acids

2.identification of the -COOH terminal amino acids

3.partial cleavage of the original polypeptide into smaller polypeptides

4.all of the above

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Transaminase enzymes are present in

1.liver

2.pancreas

3.intestine

4.none of these

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Transamination is the process where

1.carboxyl group is transferred from amino acid

2.α-amino group is removed from the amino acid

3.polymerisation of amino acid takes place

4.none of the above

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Tyrosine is degraded to acetoacetyl CoA and fumarate and is described as a

1. glucogenic amino acid

2.ketogenic amino acid

3.ketogenic and glucogenic amino acid

4.keto-gluco amino acid

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
What condition is caused by iodine deficiency during pregnancy and is characterized by stunted growth, deafness, and mental retardation?

1.Cretinism

2.Keshan disease

3.Multiple sclerosis

4. Crohn's disease

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
What does the Michelson interferometer do?

1.Split a polychromatic beam of radiation into its component wavelengths

2.Selectively filter certain wavelengths from a beam of I.R. radiation

3.Modulate the I.R. signal at a lower frequency, so that it can be observed by a detector

4. none of the above

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
What is meant by rotating frame of reference?

1.That the sample is spun rapidly in the applied field

2.If the laboratory itself is imagined to be rotated at the Larmor frequency, viewing that individual magnetic moment vectors are fixed in space

3.That the detector rotates around the sample

4.None of the above

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
What is shielding in NMR?

1.Using a curved piece of metal to block an opponents attack

2.Putting metal around an Rf source

3.When the magnetic moment of an atom blocks the full induced magnetic field from surrounding nuclei

4. Blocking parts of a molecule from Rf radiation

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
What is the main source of natural fluoride?

1.Mushrooms

2.Potatoes

3.Meat

4.Water

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
What is the name given to the relaxation process due to an interaction between an excited nucleus and the magnetic fields caused by nuclei in molecules moving around in the sample?

1.Spin - lattice relaxation

2.Spin - spin relaxation

3.Spin - spin - spin relaxation

4.None of these

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
What is used to cool the superconducting coil?

1.Hydrogen

2.Ice

3.Dry ice

4.Liquid helium

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
What transports copper from the intestinal cells to the liver?

1.Ceruloplasmin

2.Secretin

3.Acrolein

4.Albumin

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
What useful information can be found from a Van Deemter plot?

1.The selectivity factor

2.Optimum mobile phase flow rate

3. Optimum column temperature

4.Optimum column length

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
When placed in a magnetic field, all the random spins of the nuclei

1.stop

2.reverse direction

3.align with the magnetic field

4. rotate to 90° away from the induced field

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
When radiation energy is absorbed by a spin 1/2 nucleus in a magnetic field, what happens?

1.The processional frequency of the nucleus increases

2.The nucleus spins faster

3.The angle of precession flips so that the magnetic moment of the nucleus opposes the applied field

4.none of the above

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Which of the following carbohydrate is effective in promoting the calcium absorption?

1.Lactose

2.Maltose

3.Sucrose

4.Xylose

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Which of the following detectors give concentration-dependent signals?

1.Electron-capture detector

2.Thermal conductivity

3.Infra-red detector

4.. All of these

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Which of the following ion is required for the development of sound teeth with resistance to tooth decay?

1. Fluoride ion

2.Sodium ion

3.Chloride ion

4.Magnesium ion

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Which of the following is correct?

1.Cobalt is part of vitamin B12.

2.Cobalt will not replace the need for vitamin B12 in humans

3.Both (a) and (b)

4.Cobalt will replace the need for vitamin B12 in humans

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Which of the following is necessary for the clotting of blood, functions of certain enzymes and control of fluids through cell membranes?

1.Calcium

2.Magnesium

3.Copper

4.All of these

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Which of the following is not a function of iron?

1. Oxygen transport

2. Immune function

3.Brain function

4.Gene regulation

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Which of the following is not used for detection in GC?

1. Infrared spectroscopy

2.NMR

3.Flame ionisation

4.Electrical conductivity

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Which of the following is required as a component of blood hemoglobin?

1.Iron

2.Magnesium

3.Calcium

4.Copper

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Which of the following is the basis of first dimension of separation for two-dimensional electrophoresis?

1.Molecular mass

2.Solubility

3. Isoelectric point

4.Folding

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Which of the following mineral is involved in protein metabolism and oxidation reactions?

1.Molybdenum

2.Manganese

3.Magnesium

4.calcium

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Which of the following statement is correct?

1. Sodium and chloride are the chief extracellular ions of the body

2.Sodium and chloride are primarily involved in maintaining osmotic equilibrium and body fluid volume.

3.Chloride ion is necessary for the production of hydrochloric acid of gastric juice.

4.All of these

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Which of the following two beverages contribute 20 to 30 percent of our daily manganese intake?

1.Milk or tea

2.Cola or coffee

3.Tea or orange juice

4.Milk or orange juice

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Which of these effects result from slow injection of a large sample volume?

1.Increased resolution

2.Decreased resolution

3.Non-linear detector response

4.Constant resolution

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Which trace mineral is a component of the enzyme that activates vitamin A in the eye?

1.Zinc

2.Iron

3.Iodine

4.Chromium

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Why is it advantageous to record many FID signals from the same sample and then add them together?

1.To ensure that all target nuclei in the sample have been excited

2.To remove inaccuracies caused by fluctuations in the applied magnetic field

3.To increase sensitivity

4.None of the above

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


Question:
Why is it important to use a deuterated solvent?

1.NMR uses least of this solvent

2.So the spectrometer can lock onto the sample to prevent the spectrum from drifting during aquisition

3.Expensive solvents work best with NMR

4.They dissolve polymer the fastest

Posted Date:-2021-03-07 04:01:49


More MCQS

  1. Biochemistry -Water, pH and Macromolecules
  2. Biochemistry -Structure and Properties of Amino Acids
  3. Biochemistry -Thermodynamics and Free Energy
  4. Biochemistry -Protein Purification
  5. Biochemistry - Allosteric Effects
  6. Biochemistry -Immune System
  7. Biochemistry-Anti Bodies
  8. Biochemistry -Immunological Techniques
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  11. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 3
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