Biochemistry/Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 3 Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
 
Bactriophages absorb to a bacterial surface and inject the phage DNA through the

1.cell wall into cytosol

2.cell wall into plasmamembrane

3.both (a) and (b)

4.cell wall into endoplasmic reticulum

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
 
How many ds DNA molecule can be produced, which comprise precisely the target region in double strand form during 4th cycle of PCR?

1. Two ds DNA molecule

2.Three ds DNA molecule

3.Eight ds DNA molecule

4. Four ds DNA molecule

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
 
The glycolytic pathway (glucose → 2 pyruvate) is found

1. in all living organisms

2.primarily in animals excluding particles

3.only in eukaryotes

4.only in yeast

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
 
Where the acyl-CoA formed in the cytosol is transported for oxidation?

1.Mitochondrial matrix

2.Microsomes

3. Endoplasmic reticulum

4.Remains in cytosol

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
 
Which of the following is not a mechanism for altering the flux of metabolites through the rate-determining step of a pathway?

1.Allosteric control of the enzyme activity

2.Diffusional coupling between adjacent active sites

3.Genetic control of the enzyme concentration

4.Covalent modification of the enzyme

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
 
Which of the following regulates glycolysis steps?

1.Phosphofructokinase

2.Hexose kinase

3.Pyruvate kinase

4.All of these

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
  
In glycolysis, ATP is formed by the transfer of a high-energy phosphate from 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate to ADR No such high-energy phosphate donor has ever been isolated in mitochondria because

1. the techniques for isolating the phosphate donor are not refined enough

2.no such phosphate donor exists

3.the high-energy phosphate donor is very short-lived and difficult to isolate

4.None of the above

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
  
Phosphofructokinase, the major flux-controlling enzyme of glycolysis is allosterically inhibited and activated respectively by

1.ATP and PEP

2.AMP and Pi

3.ATP and ADP

4. Citrate and ATP

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
  
Which of the following could act as an uncoupler of electron transport and ATP synthesis?

1.The Fo base-piece of ATP synthase (without the Fl subunit)

2. Dinitrophenol

3.neither (a) nor (b)

4.Both (a) and (b)

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
A biological redox reaction always involves

1. an oxidizing agent

2. a gain of electrons

3.a reducing agent

4. all of these

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
A kinase is an enzyme that

1.removes phosphate groups of substrates

2.uses ATP to add a phosphate group to the substrate

3.uses NADH to change the oxidation state of the substrate

4.removes water from a double bond

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
A PCR cycle consists of

1.three steps, denaturation, primer annealing and elongation

2.three steps, denaturation, initiation and elongation

3.three steps, primer annealing, elongation and termination

4.three steps, initiation, elongation and termination

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Additional mono saccharides are added in Golgi to produce

1.either high mannose type oligosaccharide or a complex type

2.either fructose type monosaccharide or a complex type

3.either high sucrose type polysaccharide or a complex type

4.none of the above

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
ATP is from which general category of molecules?

1.Polysaccharides

2.Proteins

3.Nucleotides

4.Amino acids

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Coenzyme Q is involved in electron transport as

1.directly to O2

2.a water-soluble electron donor

3.covalently attached cytochrome cofactor

4.a lipid-soluble electron carrier

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
DNA fragments in a restriction digest can be separated by electrophoresis in

1. poly acrylamide

2.agarose gel

3.both (a) and (b)

4.none of these

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
During catabolism, only about 40% of the energy available from oxidizing glucose is used to synthesize ATP. Remaining 60%

1.is lost as heat

2.is used to reduce NADP

3.remains in the products of metabolism

4. is stored as fat.

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
During catabolism, only about 40% of the energy available from oxidizing glucose is used to synthesize ATP. Remaining 60%

1.is lost as heat

2.is used to reduce NADP

3.remains in the products of metabolism

4.is stored as fat.

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
During glycolysis, electrons removed from glucose are passed to

1.FAD

2.NAD+

3.acetyl CoA

4.pyruvic acid

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
During glycolysis, the major energy generating step involves

1. pyruvate kinase

2.phosphoglycerate kinase

3.glyceraldehyde-3 -dehydrogenase

4.Phosphofructokinase

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Each cycle of β-oxidation produces

1.1 FADH2, 1 NAD+, and 1 acetyl-CoA

2.1 FADH2, 1 NADH and 1 acetyl-CoA

3.1 FADH2, 1 NADH and 2 CO2 molecules

4.1 FAD, 1 NAD+ and 2 CO2 molecules

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
FAD is reduced to FADH2 during

1.electron transport phosphorylation

2.lactate fermentation

3.Krebs cycle

4.glycolysis

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
For every one molecule of sugar glucose which is oxidized __________ molecule of pyruvic acid are produced.

1.1

2.2

3.3

4.4

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Fructose-2,6-bisphosphate

1. activates fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase

2.activates phosphofructokinase

3.inhibits fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase

4. both (b) and ©

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Glucose from the breakdown of glycogen is obtained in

1.the liver by phosphorolysis

2.the muscles by phosphorolysis

3.the muscles by hydrolysis

4.both (a) and (b)

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Glycogen has

1.α-1,4 linkag

2.α-1,6 linkages

3.α-1,4 and α-1,6 linkages

4.α-1,4 and β-1,6 linkage

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Glycolytic pathway regulation involves

1.allosteric stimulation by ADP

2.allosteric inhibition by ATP

3.feedback, or product, inhibition by ATP

4.all of the above

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
he oxidation of methanol (wood alcohol) in human retina tissue leads directly to the formation of

1.formaldehyde

2.sugars

3.CO2

4.none of these

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
How many molecules of acetyl-CoA are produced in oxidation of palmitic acid (C16), which involves seven rounds of oxidation?

1.6

2.7

3.8

4.9

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
In a PCR reaction after four cycles, each molecule of a duplex DNA will give rise to

1.16 single strands of DNA

2.16 double stranded DNA

3.18 single strands of DNA

4.18 double stranded DNA

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
In the glycogen synthase reaction, the precursor to glycogen is

1.glucose-6-P

2.UTP-glucose

3.UDP-glucose

4.glucose-1-P

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Long-chain fatty acids are oxidized step-wise in one carbon units starting from the

1.carboxyl end

2.aliphatic end

3.both (a) and (b)

4.none of these

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Membrane potential and the proton gradient

1.are both required to make ATP

2.are sufficient, separately, to make ATP from ADP + Pi;

3.reinforce one another when respiratory inhibitors are present

4.cancel one another when uncouplers are present

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Northern blotting is

1.widely different than southern blotting

2.another name for southern blotting

3.analogous to southern blotting

4.none of the above

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) can make multiple copies of

1.DNA

2.RNA

3.protein

4.carbohydrate

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
PCR amplifies millions of copies of

1.a short fragment of DNA

2.the entire genome (all the DNA in a sample)

3.both (a) and (b)

4. short chain RNA

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
PCR can be used in

1.cloning

2.sequencing

3.medical diagnosis and forensic medicine

4.all of the above

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
PCR can be used to amplify a specific fragment of DNA from which of the following?"

1.A drop of blood

2.A hair follicle

3.A fragment of skin

4.All of these

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
PCR is an abbreviation for

1.Protein Change Reaction

2. Polymerase Chain Reaction

3.Positive Charge Reaction:

4.Preliminary Change Rate

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Restriction maps

1.allows comparison between DNA molecules without the need to determine nucleotide sequence

2.allows comparison between DNA molecules but requires to determine nucleotide sequence

3.does not allow comparison between DNA molecules

4.none of the above

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Southern blotting involves

1.electrophoresis of DNA molecules and then blotting the separated DNA bands followed by incubation

2.electrophoresis of DNA molecules and then blotting the separated RNA bands followed by incubation

3. electrophoresis of DNA molecules followed by incubation

4. electrophoresis of RNA molecules and then blotting the separated RNA bands followed by incubation

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
The active form of glycogen phosphorylase is phosphorylated, while the dephosphorylation of which active form occurs?

1.Glycogen synthase

2.Glycogen semisynthase

3.Glycogen hydrolase

4.Glycogen dehydrogenase

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
The amount of energy received from one ATP is

1.76 kcal

2.7.3 kcal

3.760 kcal

4. 1000 kcal

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
The carbon dioxide is primary a product of

1.Krebs cycle

2.glycolysis

3.electron transport phosphorylation.

4.lactate fermentation.

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
The enzymes of glycolysis in a eukaryotic cell are located in the

1.intermembrane space

2.plasma membrane

3.cytosol

4.mitochondrial matrix

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
The irreversibility of the thiokinase reactions (formation of initial acyl-CoA)

1. make this activation reaction the committed step on the pathway

2.is due to the subsequent hydrolysis of the product

3.applies only to even-chain fatty acids

4.both (a) and (b)

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
The maximum energy per gram on oxidization is yielded from

1.fat

2.protein

3.glycogen

4.starch

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
The oxidation of methanol (wood alcohol) in human retina tissue indirectly leads to

1.pressure builds up

2.colour blindness

3.blindness

4.all of these

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
The PCR, polymerase chain reaction is becoming the method of choice for

1.Alteration of gene

2.screening gene

3.sterilization of gene

4.all of these

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
The released energy obtained by oxidation of glucose is stored as

1.a concentration gradient across a membrane

2.ADP

3.ATP

4.NAD+

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
The three identical b subunits of the F1, complex during ATP synthesis have

1.different affinities for ATP but not for ADP

2.different affinities for ADP but not for ATP

3.different affinities for ATP and for ADP

4.similar affinities for ADP and ATP

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
The transport of acyl-CoA for oxidation using a shuttle involves formation of the intermediate

1.3 acetyl-CoA

2.Acyl-coenzyme A

3.acyl-carnitine

4.None of these

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Transformation means

1.formation of a pilus

2.acquiring DNA from the bacterial cell environment

3. plasmid containing a F factor

4. F+ and F- strains of bacteria

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
What technique can be used to determine the murderer who left blood with the victim?

1.DNA sequencing

2.PCR amplification

3.Western blot

4.RFLP mapping

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
When concentration of the reactants is higher than the equilibrium concentration then

1.the gibbs free energy will be positive

2. the gibbs free energy will be negative

3.more products will be formed

4.Both (b) and (c)

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Which of the following is correct?

1.HIV is a retrovirus that kills human helper T cells

2. Causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)

3.Cripples the immunity systems

4. All of the above

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Which of the following is not a feature of oxidative phosphorylation?

1.Direct transfer of phosphate from a substrate molecule to ADP

2. An electrochemical gradient across the inner mitochondrial membrane

3.A membrane bound ATP synthase

4. A protonmotive force

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Which of the following is not true of glycolysis?

1.ADP is phosphorylated to ATP via substrate level phosphorylation

2.The pathway does not require oxygen

3.The pathway oxidizes two moles of NADH to NAD+ for each mole of glucose that enters

4.The pathway requires two moles of ATP to get started catabo-lizing each mole of glucose

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Why does the glycolytic pathway continue in the direction of glucose catabolism?

1.There are essentially three irreversible reactions that act as the driving force for the pathway

2.High levels of ATP keep the pathway going in a forward direction

3.The enzymes of glycolysis only function in one direction

4.Glycolysis occurs in either direction

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


Question:
Why does the glycolytic pathway continue in the direction of glucose catabolism?

1.There are essentially three irreversible reactions that act as the driving force for the pathway

2. High levels of ATP keep the pathway going in a forward direction

3.The enzymes of glycolysis only function in one direction

4.Glycolysis occurs in either direction

Posted Date:-2021-02-25 04:36:51


More MCQS

  1. Biochemistry -Water, pH and Macromolecules
  2. Biochemistry -Structure and Properties of Amino Acids
  3. Biochemistry -Thermodynamics and Free Energy
  4. Biochemistry -Protein Purification
  5. Biochemistry - Allosteric Effects
  6. Biochemistry -Immune System
  7. Biochemistry-Anti Bodies
  8. Biochemistry -Immunological Techniques
  9. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 1
  10. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 2
  11. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 3
  12. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 4
  13. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 5
  14. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 6
  15. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 7
  16. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 8
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  19. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 11
  20. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 12
  21. Biochemistry MCQS PAPER SET 13
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