UPSC,PCS,CDS,NDA /General Science - Biology MCQS Sample Test,Sample questions

Question:
A person with “Bombay Blood group” can receive blood from a person who is from____?

1.A Group or B Group

2.AB Group

3.O Group

4.None of them


Question:
Anaemia is caused because of deficiency of which of the following?

1.Cobalt

2.Iron

3.Sodium

4.Calcium


Question:
Antipyretic medicines are used for which among the following purposes?

1.In fever

2.In Diarrhea

3. In Cough

4.In Allergy


Question:
‘Pace-maker’ is associated with which of the following body organs?

1. Liver

2.Brain

3.Heart

4.Lungs


Question:
Cattle quickly swallow grass and store it in which of its body parts?

1.Rumen

2.Esophagus

3.Small intestine

4.Salivary glands


Question:
Diabetes insipidus (DI) caused by a deficiency of arginine vasopressin (AVP); also known as antidiuretic hormone (ADH). This hormone is secreted by which endocrine gland?

1.Thyroid Gland

2.Pituitary Gland (Hypophysis)

3. Pancreas

4. Liver


Question:
Due to which of the processes in plants the Radiocarbon dating is possible to estimate their age?

1.Growth

2.Chemosynthesis

3.Photosynthesis

4.Assimilation


Question:
From which among the following parts of a plant Cinnamon is obtained?

1.Leaves

2.Seeds

3.Bark

4.Buds


Question:
How does calcium carbide ripen mangoes?

1. It reacts with moisture and releases Ethylene

2.It reacts with moisture and releases Acetaldehyde; which in turn releases ethylene

3.It reacts with starch and releases Acetylene

4.It reacts with moisture and releases Ethyne


Question:
Hyponatremia and Hypernatremia are common electrolyte disorders resulting due to imbalance of which of the following?

1. Sodium

2.Potassium

3. Calcium

4. Iron


Question:
In context with biology; which among the following is a Zoophyte?

1.A plant that resembles an animal

2.An animal that resembles a plant

3.A plant that grows on an animal

4.An animal that grows on a plant


Question:
In which among the following organ; “Bowman’s Capsule” is found?

1.Liver

2.Kidney

3.Heart

4.Small intestine


Question:
In which of the following conditions a person is born with both ovarian and testicular tissues i.e. both female & male organs?

1.Swyer syndrome

2.Penile agenesis

3. Polyorchidism

4.Hermaphroditism


Question:
In which of the following regions; maize is used as staple food ?

1.Western Europe

2.Russia

3.Middle Africa

4.South-East Asia


Question:
Japanese art ‘Ikebana’ is related to which of the following?

1.sand art

2.flower arrangement

3.paper folding

4.tree cutting


Question:
Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by protozoan parasites that belong to the genus Leishmania and is transmitted by the bite of certain species of_________?

1.Mosquito

2.Sand fly

3.Bee

4.None of the above


Question:
Lepidopterology is a branch of biology; which deals with the following?

1. Ferns

2.animals in stagnant waters

3.Lipids and Fats

4.Moths & Butterflies


Question:
Maximum number of animals species belong to which among the following groups?

1.Mammalia

2.Aves

3.Pisces

4.Arthropoda


Question:
Meg-1 is an imprinted gene which finds expression only from maternal chromosomes which regulates the transfer of nutrients from the plant to the seed. This gene has been discovered in :

1.Maize

2.cotton

3. jute

4.Sugarcane


Question:
Name the organs which have different basic structure but have similar appearance and perform similar functions.

1.Analogous organs

2.Homologous organs

3.Both A and B

4.Neither A nor B


Question:
Out of Diphtheria; Whooping cough; Typhoid ; Diarrhea & Malaria which is not caused by bacteria?

1.Whooping Cough

2.Typhoid

3. Malaria

4.None of the above


Question:
Pest-resistant cotton commonly known as ‘Bt-Cotton’ is genetically engineered by inserting a gene from a:

1. Bacterium

2.Virus

3.Microalgae

4.Protist


Question:
Plants growing on marshy areas are commonly called as _____?

1.Oxylophytes

2. Lithophytes

3.Helophytes

4.Psilophytes


Question:
Plants which are adapted to grow in soils containing high concentration of salt are known as:

1.Xerophytes

2.Mesophytes

3.Halophytes

4.Thallophytes


Question:
Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana also known as “Saubhagya Scheme” was launched in the year?

1.2016

2.2017

3.2019

4.None of the above


Question:
Saffron’ is obtained from which among the following parts of the plant?

1. Stigma

2.Anther

3.Stamen

4.Pollen


Question:
Skin works as a respiratory organ in which of the following Animals ?

1.Cockroach

2.Frog

3.Whale

4. Dog Fish


Question:
The instrument that measures arterial blood pressure is known as :

1.Pyknometer

2.Hypsometer

3.Sphygmoscope

4. Sphygmomanometer


Question:
The metals in which among the following groups are required in maximum quantities in a living organism?

1.Potassium; Manganese; Molybdenum; Calcium

2.Potassium; Molybdenum; Copper; Calcium

3.Pottassium;Sodium; Magnesium; Calcium

4.Pottassium;Sodium; Magnesium; Calcium


Question:
The name of which spice comes from the French word for ‘nail’?

1.Cinnamon

2.Cardamom

3.Clove

4.None of the above


Question:
The pneumatophores are negatively geotropic roots which grow upward & meant for gaseous exchange. These are a characteristic of _______?

1.Halophytes

2.Heliophytes

3.Sciophytes

4.Lithophytes


Question:
The web of the spider is made up of which among the following?

1.Carbohydrate Polymers

2.Proteins

3.Lipids

4.Polysaccharides


Question:
The young chicks come out of eggs within how many days after being hatched by the hen?

1.One week

2.Two weeks

3.Three weeks

4.Four weeks


Question:
Under which Ministry; the National Handloom Development Programme (NHDP) for development of block level clusters across country is implemented?

1.Ministry of Textile

2.Ministry for Development of North Eastern Region

3.Ministry of Micro; Small and Medium Enterprises

4.None of the above


Question:
Vitamin A; D & C are respectively called as ____________ ?

1.Retinol; Ascorbic Acid; Calciferol

2.Retinol; Calciferol; Ascorbic Acid

3.Pyridoxal. Calciferol. Ascorbic Acid

4.Ascorbic Acid; Pyridoxal. Calciferol


Question:
What is study of fungus Known as?

1. Phrenology

2.Physiology

3.Biology

4.Mycology


Question:
What is the meaning of the term ‘Test Tube Baby’?

1.Fertilisation of ovum takes place in the test tube but it develops in uterus

2.Fertilisation of ovum takes place in the test tube and develops in the test tube itself

3.Fertilisation of the ovum takes place in the uterus but develops in the test tube

4.Fertilisation takes place in uterus and embryo develops in uterus


Question:
What is the use of Radiotherapy for the treatment of Cancer?

1. It destroys the tumor by destroying the Cell membranes of the Cancerous Cells

2.It destroys the tumor by destroying the DNA of the Cancerous Cells

3.It destroys the tumor by destroying the Cytoplasm of the Cancerous Cells

4.It destroys the tumor by destroying the spindle fibres which are used in Cell Division


Question:
Which among the following conditions will give birth to Fraternal Twins?

1.a single egg is fertilized to form one zygote which then divides into two separate embryos

2.sperm cells fertilize both the ovum and the second polar body

3.two eggs are independently fertilized by two different sperm cells

4.none of the above


Question:
Which among the following correctly denotes Net Reproduction Rate?

1.Average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime

2.Average number of children that would be born to a couple over their life time

3.Birth Rate — Death rate

4.The rate at which women are replaced by daughters who will have children


Question:
Which among the following have been found to produce a protein called Defensin-1; which has been found potential to develop drugs for antibiotic resistant bacteria?

1.Codfish

2.Cuttle Fish

3.Honey bee

4.Domestic Fly


Question:
Which among the following hormone can be used as a drug to treat cardiac arrest and some other cardiac problems?

1.Thyroxin

2. Epinephrine

3.Calcitonin

4. Insulin


Question:
Which among the following is a main structural axes of a vascular plant?

1.Thallus

2.Leaves

3.Stem

4.Flower


Question:
Which among the following is involved in Movement of Muscles?

1.Myoglobin

2.Myosin

3.Mucin

4.None of the above


Question:
Which among the following Vitamin is also known as Tocoferol?

1.Vitamin D

2.Vitamin E

3. Vitamin K

4.Vitamin B


Question:
Which antigen is present in O blood group?

1. Either A or B

2.Both A and B

3.Neither A nor B

4.O


Question:
Which country has assumed the Chair of ‘Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia’ (CICA) in 2020?

1.Vietnam

2.Kazakhstan

3.Tajikistan

4.India


Question:
Which fabric was introduced by Sir H.B. Lumsden and W. Hodson in 1848 for the uniforms of British colonial troops in India?

1.Corduroy

2.Denim

3.Khaki

4.Silk


Question:
Which metal is responsible for Itai-Itai disease?

1.Mercury

2. Chromium

3.Cadmium

4.Nickel


Question:
Which Ministry is responsible for conducting National Nutrition Survey?

1.Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

2.Ministry of Women and Child Development

3.Ministry of Consumer Affairs; Food and Public Distribution

4. None of the above


Question:
Which of the following have cold; moist winters and short summers and are dominated by gymnosperms?

1.Taiga

2.Polar Tundra

3.Alpine Tundra

4.Tropical Rain Forest


Question:
Which of the following is a stem vegetable?

1.Lettuce

2.Carrot

3.Asparagus

4.Onion


Question:
Which of the following is not a variety of mango?

1.Banganapalle

2.Alphonso

3.Sindhoora

4.Red Dacca


Question:
Which of the following is the basic chemical building block of natural rubber obtained from trees?

1.Acetylene

2.Isoprene

3.Vinyl chloride

4.None of the above


Question:
Which of the following is the result of the decrease in white blood cells?

1.Decrease in Antibodies

2.Increase in Antigens

3.Increase in Antibodies

4.No change


Question:
Which of the following micro-organism causes diseases like polio and chicken pox?

1.Bacteria

2.Protozoa

3. Algae

4.Virus


Question:
Which of the following organ in human body produces albumin; one of the major components of blood serum?

1.Bone Marrow

2.Liver

3. Pancreas

4. Spleen


Question:
Which of the following part of the body stores Vitamin A; Vitamin D as well as Vitamin B12?

1. Brain

2.Liver

3.Pancreas

4.Red Blood Cells


Question:
Which of the following statements is incorrect about the Lysosome?

1.It is a membrane-bound organelle found in plant as well as animal cells

2.It is also called the suicidal bag of the cell

3.It helps in the synthesis of protein

4.It acts as a dispatch station of protein products received from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)


Question:
Which of the following tests is used for the diagnosis of ‘Colour-Blindness’ in people ?

1.Ishihara Test

2.Widal Test

3.ELISA test

4.Rorschach test


Question:
Which of the following vertebrae are found in Neck ?

1.Cervical

2.Thoracic

3.Lumbar

4.None


Question:
Which of the following Vitamin is responsible for anti-sterile activities?

1. Vitamin A

2. Vitamin B

3.Vitamin E

4.Vitamin D


Question:
Which organ in human body is responsible for water balance?

1.Liver

2.Tongue

3.Kidney

4. Brain


Question:
Which part of the Central Nervous System controls “reflex Actions” ?

1.Mesencephalon

2.Rhombencephalon

3.Medulla oblongata

4.Spinal Chord


Question:
Which process develops new species from the existing species?

1.Homologous

2.Analogous

3.Speciation

4.Genetic variation


Question:
Which spice consists of the seed of the Myristica fragrans; a tropical evergreen tree?

1.Cardamom

2.Clove

3.Nutmeg

4. Turmeric


Question:
White-nose syndrome (WNS) is an emerging disease among which of the following fauna?

1. Bats

2.Snow leopard

3.Bumblebee

4.Forest owlet


Question:
Who among the following analysed the DNA for the first time ?

1.Watson and Krick

2.Karl von Frisch

3.M. W. Nirenberg

4.Hargobind Khurana


Question:
Who among the following first synthesized “gene” in a laboratory ?

1.Arthur kornberg

2. Hargobind Khorana

3.Gregor Mendel

4.Watson and crick


Question:
Who proposed five kingdom classification?

1. Ernst Mayr

2. M.W.Beijerinck

3.R.H. Whittaker

4.D.I Ivanovsky


Question:
Who was the inventor of frozen foods?

1.Ives McGaffey

2.Frank Whittle

3. Alfred Nobel

4.Clarence Birdseye


Question:
William Harvey; Alexander Fleming & Louis Pasteur are related to respectively __________?

1.Vaccination; Blood Circulation; Penicillin

2.Penicillin; Blood circulation ; Vaccination

3.Blood Circulation; Penicillin; Vaccination

4.Vaccination;Blood Circulation; Penicillin


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