What is encapsulation principle?

What is encapsulation principle?

Encapsulation is a process of binding or wrapping the data and the codes that operates on the data into a single entity. This keeps the data safe from outside interface and misuse. One way to think about encapsulation is as a protective wrapper that prevents code and data from being arbitrarily accessed by other code defined outside the wrapper.

Or in Short

Encapsulation is the mechanism that binds together code and data it manipulates and keeps both safe from outside interference and misuse.

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